Best 32 Types of Photography

Photography allows one to capture the world around them with the press of a shutter. From a scientific perspective, it is the act of recording light either electronically or chemically.

It’s the only way to freeze a memory in passing time. Maybe we like it so much because at least for once we are in control of time. It gives us power. Power of a higher order (Time traveling in a subtle form). When we click an image time freezes, letting us dive in the moment and enjoy every minute detail of that moment.

Types of Photography:

  1. Street Photography
  2. Night Photography
  3. Photojournalism
  4. Astrophotography
  5. Nature Photography
  6. Documentary Photography
  7. Portrait Photography
  8. Maternity Photography
  9. Newborn Photography
  10. Family Photography
  11. Architectural Photography
  12. Still Life Photography
  13. Contemporary Photography
  14. Abstract Photography
  15. Urban Photography
  16. Art Photography
  17. Macro Photography
  18. Principal Photography
  19. Infrared Photography
  20. Black & White Photography
  21. Candid Photography
  22. Femto Photography
  23. Color Photography
  24. Budoir Photography
  25. Lifestyle Photography
  26. Interior Photography
  27. Fashion Photography
  28. Landscape Photography
  29. Sports Photography
  30. Wildlife Photography
  31. War Photography
  32. Wedding Photography

1. Street Photography

Street photography is conducted for art or enquiry that features unmediated chance encounters and random incidents within public places. Simply put, street photography is about documenting everyday life and society. The most important thing in street photography is to capture emotion, humanity, and soul.

Street photography is the art of capturing life, culture, and humanity, in a candid manner. It is fascinating because a small percentage of photographers seem to be naturally drawn to it.

2. Night Photography

Night photography refers to photographs taken outdoors between dusk and dawn. Night photography has an attraction all its own. There’s something about scintillating lights from office windows hanging in the dark of the night — a modern version of the starry skies — that appeal to us. Whether it’s a city skyline, lamp posts on a dark and deserted street or the front of your house all decked out with holiday lights, the challenge of capturing the mood of a night scene depends on whether your digital camera is capable of night photography and on a couple of simple techniques.

Night photography is a whole different ballgame than ‘day’ photography. You’ll have to reverse some settings typically used in the day due to the sun not being there for you.

3. Photojournalism

Photojournalism is the process of storytelling using the medium of photography as your main storytelling device. While a journalist will use their pen and paper to tell stories, a photojournalist will use their camera to capture the visual representation of a story.

Most of us are familiar with the old adage “a picture is worth a thousand words”. Well, this is the theory behind photojournalism. News publications are willing to pay top dollar to those photojournalists who can capture the most dramatic images on film or their CCD chip.

4. Astrophotography

You may have seen some of the beautiful photographs of sky objects and fill the pages of astronomy magazines. Perhaps you’ve even wondered whether it might be possible for you to take photos of the night sky. The answer is most definitely “yes.”

In fact, making the transition from normal photography to astrophotography is relatively easy. Astrophotography is a specialized type of photography for recording photos of astronomical objects, celestial events, and large areas of the night sky.

5. Nature Photography

When people talk about nature photography as a style of photography, what do they actually mean? Nature photography refers to a wide range of photography taken outdoors and devoted to displaying natural elements such as landscapes, wildlife, plants, and close-ups of natural scenes and textures. Nature photography tends to put a stronger emphasis on the aesthetic value of the photo than other photography genres, such as photojournalism and documentary photography.

6. Documentary Photography

Documentary photography follows a single topic or story in-depth over time, as opposed to photojournalism’s real-time coverage of breaking news and events. By deepening our understanding and emotional connection to stories of injustice, documentary photography can capture and sustain public attention, and mobilize people around pressing social and human rights issues.

7. Portrait Photography

Portrait photography is all about capturing a person’s personality. It is the art of capturing a subject (in this case, a person or a group of people) in which the face, facial features as well as facial expressions are made predominant. Also, called as Portraiture in Photography.

8. Maternity Photography

Capture the joy, beauty and significance of pregnancy. Maternity photography captures the period of time while a woman is pregnant. Some women will get their photos taken during the 3rd trimester to showcase their larger stomachs. Others may take it during the 2nd trimester to use for gender reveals.

9. Newborn Photography

Bringing a new baby into your family is one of life’s most amazing and wonderful moments! The newborn days are so precious, yet so fleeting. We can appreciate how quickly these days go by and how important it is to capture all of the sweet details of our new babies, while they are still little. It is the only area of photography that involves the photographer being completely responsible for the safety and welfare of the subject – the baby.

10. Family Photography

Getting all your family in the same place at the same time can be hard enough. Add to that trying to organize them into a coherent group for their photograph to be taken, and it can be a nightmare. But, it’s always worth the effort.

Family portraits capture a moment in time alongside those you care for most. Those photos can be hung in the homes of family members to remind you of those closest to you. As time goes on, the family will welcome new members and see other pass on. These photos will become a treasured reminder and document that can be looked back upon fondly to share memories.

11. Architectural Photography

Architectural Photography is simply photographing the design aesthetics of buildings and structures. There are different types of subjects when it comes to Architectural Photography – it can cover tall buildings, bungalow houses, heritage sites, modern buildings, farm barns, bridges, warehouses, factories, and many more.

Architecture Photography is really more about the design than the building itself. When it comes to design, an Architecture Photographer may highlight some of the details that make a building look aesthetically pleasing. It is not uncommon to see architectural photographs of just a fraction of the whole building. Perhaps a wall, an archway, or some beams may be shown instead of the whole appearance of the actual building.

12. Still Life Photography

Still Life photography can be just about anything that doesn’t move. Common subjects for still life photography include natural items—flowers, food, plants, rocks, etc.—or man-made objects—glasses, shoes, tools, and so on.

Still-life photography as a form of art takes a great deal of learning and experience. You need to master the art of carefully selecting objects, the lighting and dozens of other variants.

13. Contemporary Photography

Contemporary meaning – “happening in the same period of time..of or in the style of the present or recent times… .” Contemporary Photography is actually somewhere in the space in time between today, and the earliest inception of the medium. There are no bookends to defining a period for “Contemporary Photography”. It is a rolling and evolving view of photography from a contemporaneous moment in time. Contemporary photography is frequently considered photography with a message, where the meaning of the picture holds greater weight than its subject matter.

14. Abstract Photography

Abstract photography concentrates on shape, form, colour, pattern and texture. Abstract photography seems to be an elusive subject, hard to nail down to a single definition. This may be due to the abstract nature of the idea of “abstraction” and perpetuating misconceptions about abstract photography. Also, called as Non-objective Photography or Experimental Photography or Conceptual Photography or Concrete Photography.

15. Urban Photography

urban photography seeks to encapsulate not just people, but also objects, cityscapes, the surreal. Urban photography is not only a visual representation of an idea, a capturing of ‘the decisive moment’, no, it is also a commentary on contemporary life in an ecological space. This is important because more than 50% of the world’s population now lives in cities (urban areas). The terms of street and urban photography are often used interchangeably, both referring to the art of capturing cityscapes and people within them.

16. Art Photography

Photography that is done as a fine art – that is, done to express the artist’s perceptions and emotions and to share them with others. It is not about capturing what the camera sees; it is about capturing what the artist sees. In art photography, therefore, the artist uses the camera as one more tool to create a work of art. The camera is used to make an art piece that reveals the vision of the artist and makes a statement of that vision rather than documenting the subject before the lens. Also, called as Fine Art Photography.

17. Macro Photography

Macro Photography is the art of taking close-up pictures that reveal details which can’t be seen with the naked eye. For example, while we can see the fly on the wall, our eyes aren’t equipped to make out the fine details of the hairs on it’s face. This is where macro photography comes in. Also, called as Photomacrography or Macrography.

18. Principal Photography

Principal photography is the phase of film production in which the movie is filmed, with actors on set and cameras rolling, as distinct from pre-production and post-production. Principal photography is nearly always the most expensive phase of film production, due to actor, director, and set crew salaries, as well as the costs of certain shots, props, and on-set special effects.

19. Infrared Photography

The human eye is incapable of seeing infrared light, so infrared photography is truly a way to show your audience something they can never see with their own eyes. Infrared photography involves capturing invisible light to create unworldly images can give new life to your photos. Also, called as IR Photography.

20. Black & White Photography

Black-and-white images are not usually starkly contrasted black and white. They combine black and white in a continuum producing a range of shades of gray. The key to successful black and white photography is learning to see the world in monochrome. It’s important to understand that not all subjects are suitable for black and white. There are certain types of photo that rely on color for impact.

21. Candid Photography

Candid photography captures the natural expressions of subjects in their most pristine form. We often consider these portraits the purest representation of emotion and personality — much more so than a regular photo where the subject is consciously posing. Candid photography is a great way to capture fun and natural photos, which adds context, without distracting the subjects

22. Femto Photography

Have you ever wondered what light looks like as it moves? With a really cool new(ish) photography method called Femto-Photography, scientists are now able to take high-speed video at a trillion frames per second. This is so fast it allows us to watch groups of photons move across an object. In other words, just as high-speed cameras were able to slow down the bullet, revealing its mechanics and the processes that occur when it hits an apple or watermelon – now, using the magic of photography, we can slow down light, revealing its splendor.

23. Color Photography

Color catches the eye. A bright hue that highlights an image’s subject will draw a viewer in right away. Color (or colour) photography is photography that uses media capable of reproducing colors. By contrast, black-and-white (monochrome) photography records only a single channel of luminance (brightness) and uses media capable only of showing shades of gray.

24. Budoir Photography

Boudoir photography is a sexy new trend that’s especially popular as a wedding day gift from a bride to her groom. Boudoir photography is a photographic style featuring intimate, romantic, and sometimes erotic images of its subjects, primarily intended for the private enjoyment of the subject and his or her romantic partners.

25. Lifestyle Photography

Lifestyle photography is one of the most honest forms of capturing a moment – a sense of care-free and rawness can seep through in each shot. Photographing the world as a mere spectator of small interactions between people and the world around them. Lifestyle photography lies somewhere in between documentary photography on the one hand, and classic portraiture on the other hand.

26. Interior Photography

With the rise in interior design websites and blogs, the need for excellent interior photography is at an all-time high. The skill of photographing a room, whether it’s in a house or a commercial environment, is one that is practiced principally by professionals who specialize in architectural photography or interior design work. Most people never give much thought to making a room the subject of a photograph.

27. Fashion Photography

Fashion Photography is a genre of photography which is devoted to displaying clothing and other fashion items. The success behind the portfolio of many models lies in the hands of a fashion photographer. This genre of photography is dedicated to showing fashion apparel and accessories in a way that enhances them.

28. Landscape Photography

Landscape Photography is a photo made outside the city or showing an open scene where there is no influence by humans. Meaning no people or constructions made by people are in the image. Compared to a portrait photographer the landscape photographer needs little equipment. Unless the portraits are shot using only natural light a portrait photographer will need to hire a studio and equip it with expensive lighting gear.

29. Sports Photography

Sports Photography is about taking pictures of sporting events, Athletes or a particular sports team. It captures the passion and emotion on fields, courts and arenas worldwide, turning athletic events into iconic ones.

30. Wildlife Photography

Wildlife Photography is concerned with documenting various forms of wildlife in their natural habitat. It is about capturing a split second when the light and the animal behavior come together to create an emotional image. It sounds easy, but… the beauty and also the curse of wildlife photography is that one cannot change almighty Nature.

31. War Photography

War photography involves photographing armed conflict and its effects on people and places. Photographers who participate in this genre may find themselves placed in harm’s way, and are sometimes killed trying to get their pictures out of the war arena.

32. Wedding Photography

Wedding photography is the photography of activities relating to weddings. It encompasses photographs of the couple before marriage as well as coverage of the wedding and reception.
A wedding photographer memorializes, what for many, is the happiest day of their lives. Capturing irreplaceable moments and translating them into pictures is both a learned skill and an art form. The responsibility inherent in producing photographs commemorating the once-in-a-lifetime experience is enormous

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